1. It is said that the math teacher seems partial towards bright students.
It is said that….一般翻译为：据说…
2.You should have been more patient with that customer; I’m sure that selling him the watch was a possibility.
3. Some people argue that the death penalty does not necessarily reduce the number of murders.
4.The most important point of his speech was that we should all work whole-heartedly for the people.
5.When he applied for a position in the office of the local newspaper he was told to see the manager.
解析：when引导时间状语从句，主句主语是第二个he, 动词是 be told(told是tell被动式)
6.While nuclear weapons present grave potential danger, the predominant crisis of overpopulation is with us today.
7.Our research has focused on a drug which is so powerful as to be able to change brain chemistry.
解析: which引导定语从句（which is so powerful as to be able to change brain chemistry.）修饰前面的drug. 定语从句里面有个搭配 so …as to =如此..以致
8.Without telephone it would be impossible to carry on the functions of practically every business operation in the whole country.
解析：it 形式主语，真正主语是to carry on the functions of practically every business operation in the whole country.（同第一题）
9.Some people criticize family doctors for prescribing too many medicines for minor illnesses.
解析：简单句 criticize sb for sth因某事批评某人
10.If you want this painkiller, you will have to ask the doctor for a prescription.
解析：if引导条件状语从句，主句是you will have to ask the doctor for a prescription.
11.Although it was his first experience as chairman, he presided over the meeting with great skill.
12.The chairman of the board press on me the unpleasant job of dismissing good workers the firm can no longer afford to employ.
解析：the firm can no longer afford to employ. 是省略that的宾语从句修饰workers. 规则：当定语从句关系词做句子宾语时，关系词可以省略。
13.Mr. Morgan can be very sad in person, though in public he is extremely cheerful.
14.Achieving a high degree of proficiency in English as a foreign language is not a mysterious(神秘的) process without scientific basis.
解析：主语是Achieving a high degree of proficiency in English as a foreign language，动词做主语两种方式：ing形式或to do形式，这里用ing形式。
15.Young people’s social environment has a profound effect on their academic progress.
解析：简单句have an effect on对什么产生影响=have a influence/impact on
16.Mr. Bloom is not prominent now, but he will be famous someday.
翻译：Mr. Bloom 现在还不是很突出，但是他总有一天会成名的。
17.The government is trying to do something to promote better understanding between the two countries.
解析：to promote better understanding between the two countries. 不定式修饰something
18.The drowning child was saved by Dick’s prompt action.
19.Fuel scarcities and price increase prompted automobile designers to scale down the largest models and to develop completely new lines of small cars and trucks.
解析：简单句 固定搭配：prompt sb to do sth
20.Under the guidance of their teacher, the pupils are building a model boat propelled by steam.
解析：简单句propelled by steam分词做后置定语修饰boat
21.The man to whom we handed the forms pointed out that they had not been properly filled in.
解析：to whom we handed the forms定语从句修饰man
22.Nowadays advertising costs are no longer in reasonable proportion to the total cost of the product.
解析：简单句 固定搭配 in proportion to与..成比例
23.The promises/prospects of finding gold in California were good in the 1840’s.
24.Their demand for a pay raise has not the slightest prospect of being met.
25.We should be able to do the job for you quickly, provided that you give us all the necessary information.
26.You can arrive in Beijing earlier for the meeting provided you don’t mind taking the night train.
27.The prospect of increased prices has already provoked worries.
28.To impress a future employer, one should dress neatly, be punctual , and display interest in the job.
29.Dozens of scientific groups all over the world have been pursuing the goal of a practical way to use sunlight.
30.In the past, most foresters have been men, but today, the number of women pursuing this field is climbing.
解析：pursuing this field分词做后置定语修饰women
31.If any man here does not agree with me, he should put forward his own plan for improving the living conditions of these people.
32. Women in clerical, sales, or other low-paying jobs participate disproportionately in working late and graveyard shifts. （摘自MBA真题阅读）
解析：in clerical, sales, or other low-paying jobs介词做后置定语修饰women
33. Most kids don’t put school first on their list unless they perceive something is at risk.（摘自MBA真题阅读）